Beijing Attraction

Summer Palace

Summer Palace | 颐和园

Summer Palace | 颐和园” in Chinese) is a vast ensemble of lakes, gardens and palaces. It was royal garden of Chinese emperor in Qing Dynasty, and it becomes a popular tourist destination and recreational park nowadays.
It covers an area of 2.9 square kilometers, among of which 2.2 square kilometers is the surface of the water that is called Kunming Lake | 昆明湖 . This lake is absolutely man-made. The excavated soil when digging for this lake was used to build Longevity Hill | 万寿山 that is actually the rest of The Summer Palace.


The Longevity hill | 万寿山 is about 60 meters above sea level and Towers, pagodas, rooms, and other buildings are to be built in sequence along the front side of this hill.
In December 1998, The Summer Palace was included in the list of World Heritage by UNESCO, which declares that the Summer Palace is “a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design”.
The origins of the Summer Palace date back to 1153 B.C, when the initial buildings were ordered to be built under the order of the 4th ruler of Wanyan Liang (r. 1150–1161). Followed in 1271, a water reservoir for ensuring the water supply for Beijing was activated and being accomplished. In Min dynasty, the Emperor Zheng – De ordered to build palaces in front of the lakes and made it an imperial garden;

Around 1749, the Qianlong Emperor of Qing dynasty ordered to expanded the lake in the name of improving the capital’s waterworks system, also to be a water source for the agricultural areas nearby. The earth excavated from the expansion of Kunming Lake was used to enlarge the hill, which was renamed “Longevity Hill”. The Summer Palace, whose construction was completed in 1764

The design of the Summer Palace was based on the Chinese mythology about three legend mountains in the East Sea, of which are the Peng-lai, Fang-zhang and Ying-zhou. The three islands in Kunming Lake – Nan-hu Island (南湖島), Tuan-cheng Island (团城岛) and Zao-jian-tang Island (藻鉴堂岛) – were built to represent the three holy mountains in the east sea, while the Kunming lake itself was to be built based on the West Lake in Hangzhou. In addition, numbers of architectures feature the well-known Chinese buildings accross china, such as: the Phoenix Pier features Tai Lake; the Jing-ming Tower features Yue-yang-lou; the Wang-chan Pavilion features Yellow Crane Tower; and the shopping streets were built as an imitation of those in Suzhou and Yang-zhou. There was also a Long Corridor with length of more than 700 meters.

In 1860, Yuan-Ming-Yuan of the summer palace was burn down in the end of the Second Opium War. Between 1884–95, the rebuiding was activated by the Guang-xu Emperor (1875–1908),due to the limit budget, the rebuilding work was concentrated on those of which are in front of Longevity Hill and the dams of Kunming Lake.

Website

Summer Palace official site :
http://www.summerpalace-china.com/

Opening Hours

High Travel Season:
Main Gate: 06:30 am – 18:00 pm
Inside spots: 08:30 am – 17:00 pm

Low Travel Season:
Main Gate: 07:00 am – 17:00 pm
Inside spots: 09:00 am – 16:00 pm

Address & Contact

Add:No. 19 Xin jian gong men Rd, Haidian district, Beijing
Phone: +86 10 6288 1144

Season defination

High Travel Season: from April 1st to October 31st
Low Travel Season: from November 1st to the next March 31st

Entrance fee

High Travel Season : Full Rate Ticket: RMB 30.00 per person | Through ticket: RMB 60.00 per person

Low Travel Seasoon : Full rate Ticket: RMB 20.00 per person | Through ticket: RMB 50.00 per person on low season

Through ticket including the entrance ticket, Wen chang yuan, De he yuan, Fo Xiang Ge and Su Zhou Street

How to Get There

The North Gate

The East Gate

The New Gate

By bus

Take No.303, No.330, No.331, No.346, No.375, No.384, No.393, No.634, No.716, No.718, No.696, No.683, No.801, No.808, No.817, No.834, No.S5,at bus stop “North gate of Summer Palace”

By bus

Take No.209, No.330, No.331, No.332, No.346, No.394, No.712, No.718, No.726, No.732, No.696, No.683, No.801, No.808, No.817, No.826, gat bus stop “East gate of Summer Palace”

By bus

Take No.374, No.437, No.704, No.992, No.481, No.952 , at bus stop “New gate of Summer Palace”

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