Temple of Heaven

Temple of Heaven is an imperial complex of religious buildings situated in the southeastern part of central Beijing. The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest. It has been regarded as a Taoist temple, although Chinese heaven worship, especially by the reigning monarch of the day, predates Taoism.

Brief

Temple of Heaven was constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of the Yong-Le Emperor Ming Dynasty, who was also responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing. The complex was extended and renamed Temple of Heaven during the reign of the Jia-Jing Emperor in the 16th century. Jiajing also built three other prominent temples in Beijing, the Temple of Sun in the east, the Temple of Earth in the north, and the Temple of Moon in the west.

The temple was renovated in the 18th century under the Qian-Long Emperor of Qing Dynasty. This was also the last large-scale renovation in imperial times.

In 1900, the Eight-Nation Alliance occupied the temple and turned it into the force’s commanding base during the Second Opium War, which lasted for one year. The occupation desecrated the temple and casued serious damage to the building and the garden.

In 1914, Yuan Shi-kai, then President of the Republic of China, performed a Ming prayer ceremony at the temple, as part of an effort to have himself declared Emperor of China. In 1918 the temple was turned into a park and for the first time open to the public.

The Temple of Heaven was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998 and was described as “a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design which simply and graphically illustrates a cosmogony of great importance for the evolution of one of the world’s great civilizations…” as the “symbolic layout and design of the Temple of Heaven had a profound influence on architecture and planning in the Far East over many centuries.

Contact

+86 10 67012483 (day)
+86 10 67013036 (night)

Entrance fee

Ticket: RMB 10.00 per person
Through ticket: RMB 30.00 per person

Opening Hours

The Main Gate: 06:00am – 22:00pm
The scenic spots inside the Temple of Heaven:
From Mar 1st to Jun 30th: 08:00am – 17:30pm
From Jul 1st to Oct 31st: 08:00am – 18:00pm
From Nov 1st to Feb 28th: 08:00 am – 17:00pm

How to get there

–By bus line: 17, 36, 120, 203, T11, K1, get off at bus stop “Tian-Tan-stop”

–By bus line: 6, 34, 35, 36, 106, 110, 687, 707, get off at bus stop “Tian-Tan-Bei-Men-Stop”

–By bus line: 2, 20, 69, 71, 504, 729, 826, get off at bus stop “Tian-Tan-Xi-Men-Stop”

–By bus line: T3, 112, 120, 208, 525, 610, 800, 814, 958, get off at bus stop “Tian-Tan-Nan-Men-Stop”

–By Metro: Metro line 5, at Exit “Tian-Tan-Dong-Stop”

–By metro: Line 1, at stop “Tian An Men Dong”, Exit A; walk 900 meters from here to reach the entrance

Tours Include Tiananmen Square