Zhenyuan Town is under jurisdiction of Zhenyuan County, Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture of Guizhou Province. It is surrounded by mountains and with location by Wuyang River, which winds through the town in a shape of “S”. In the north bank of the Wuyang River, it is the old city, and in the south bank, there is the old acropolis, both of which looks like a Tai Chi picture from a distance. The two cities were both built in Ming Dynasty (1368 AD – 1644 AD), and some of the city walls and gates still exist
Zhenyuan Town has a long history of 2,300 years since the establishment of the county in the 30th year of King Qin Zhao (277 BC). It was the seat of local goverment in Yuan Dynasty (1271AD – 1368 AD) and Qing Dynasty(1636 AD – 1912 AD） for more than 700 years. There are more than 50 ancient buildings such as halls, temples, shrines, and pavilions, including 33 ancient houses, 12 ancient wharves, 8 ancient lanes, and 5 ancient post roads.
Among them, there are 1 national key cultural relics protection unit and 7 provincial key cultural relics protection units. On January 7th, 2020, it was designated as a national 5A tourist attraction by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of China.
Zhenyuan Ancient Town covers an area of 3.1 square kilometers. It is of multi-cultural integration. There are more than 20 ethnic minorities such as the Han and Dong people living in harmony. The Central Plains culture, Jingchu culture, Bashu culture, Wuyue culture, Fujian and Guangdong culture blend , Making Zhenyuan a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-society “museum”
During Western Han Dynasty (BC 202 － AD 8), Zhengyuan was belonged to Wuling County
In the 5th year of Emperor Han Gaozu(BC 202), Yuanyang County was established in the region of Zhengyuan
During Sui Dynasty (AD 581 – AD 619) and Tang Dynasty(AD 618 – AD 907), Zijiang County was established in the region of Zhengyuan
In November of the 6th year of Song Baoyou (AD 1258), Huangping City was built and was named Zhenyuan, which was the beginning of the use of Zhenyuan’s name.
In the first year of Deyou (1275 AD), Bian-xi-dong Pacification commissioner was set up in Zhenyuan
In 20th year of Zhi Yuan period (1283 AD) of Yuan Dynasty, Bian-xi-dong Pacification commissioner was changed to the General Administration Office.
In 11th year of Yongle Period of Ming Dynasty (AD 1412), it was changed to Zhenyuan Mansion
In 11th year of Hongzhi Period of Ming Dynasty (1446 AD), Zhenyuan County was established,
In the first year of Xuantong of Qing Dynasty (1909 AD), the county was abolished and the land was directly governed by Provincial government
In 1913, the county was restored.
In 1956, Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture was established, and Zhenyuan was the capital of the autonomous prefecture.
In 1958, the state capital was moved to Kaili, and Zhenyuan was changed to a county.
In 1986, it was listed as a national historical and cultural city by the State Council of China.
Dragon Boat Festival — June 3rd 2022 | June 22nd 2023
Taijiang Dragon Boat Festival — June 22nd – 25th 2022 | July 11th – 14th 2023
San Yue San Valentine’s Day — April 3rd 2022 | April 22nd 2023
April Ox King Festival — May 8th 2022 | May 26th 2023
August Tujia Suona Festival — September 3rd 2022 | September 22nd 2023
Local Flavour Food
Zhenyuan has a rich variety of cuisines, including:
Fish in Hot and Sour Soup, beef noodles, Fried cakes, Grilled fish, Red sour soup, Bacon hot pot, Bean curd hot pot, Intestine noodles, Glutinous rice cake, Yuan Jia Nen Tofu
Jinbao Rice Wine
Zhenyuan Jinbao Township is a well-known rice wine township, and almost every household here can make rice wine.
The brewing of rice wine is also very particular: it must be brewed with local specialty glutinous rice and rice. The degree of this kind of rice wine is not high, usually around 20 degrees. The taste of the wine is sweet and leaves a lingering fragrance after drinking.
Fish in Hot and Sour Soup
It is a traditional dish of the Miao and Dong people.
According to textual research, this dish originated in the area of Yashuang, Leidong Town, Liping County.
The main raw materials are fish meat, sour soup, shankangzi and other spices.
After cooking, it has a slightly sour taste, delicate fragrance, fresh and refreshing appetizer, and it is one of the masterpieces of Guizhou “Qian series” dishes.
Changwang Intestine noodles
Changwang Intestine noodles is a very famous flavor snack in Guizhou.
Known for its “three uniques” of color, fragrance and taste, it has the flavor and taste of tender blood, crisp noodles, spicy aroma and fresh soup. In 1980, it was rated as a high-quality product of Qiandongnan Prefecture.
Zhenyuan Ancient Town Data
Address & Contact
Add : Zhenyuan Ancient Town, Zhenyuan County,
Phone : +86 855 572-2898
The Town is free,
Fees for attractions in the ancient town
How to get to there
Zhenyuan Ancient Town is located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and southeast of Guizhou, amidst lofty mountains on the transitional slope of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to the hills of western Hunan Province. It is at the junction of the two provinces of Hunan and Guizhou with convenient road, railway and air transportation,
The Xiangqian Railway, Zhuzhou-Liu Dual Line, National Highway 320, and Shanghai-Kunming Expressway pass through, and it is surrounded by Tongren Airport, Hunan Zhijiang Airport, Guiyang Longdongbao Airport and Kaili Huangping Airport
Starting from Guiyang City, it is about 260 kilometers and takes about 4 hours.
Drive To Fenghuang (Phoenix) County, Hunan Province, about 210 kilometers, takes about 3 hours
Starting from Tongren City to Zhengyuan, about 145 kilometers, it takes about 2.5 hours
To Kaili City, about 120 kilometers, takes about 2 hours
Ordinary trains depart from Guiyang, there are about 20 trains a day, the journey takes about 4 hours, and then get to Zhengyuan by local bus with rate of 2 RMB per person only
By high-speed train
Whether you depart from cities such as Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Changsha, Guiyang, Kunming, etc., choose to arrive at the “Sansui High-speed Railway Station“. After leaving the station, take a local vehicle and drive for about 45 kilometers. It takes about 30 minutes to reach Zhenyuan.
There are 4 airports to choose from, namely Guiyang Longdongbao Airport, Zhijiang Airport, Phoenix Airport and Huangping Airport; the distance from these 4 airports to Zhenyuan
Guiyang Longdongbao Airport, 270 kilometers, about 3.5 hours
Hunan Zhijiang Airport, 160 kilometers, about 2.5 hours
Tongren Phoenix Airport, 170 kilometers, about 2.5 hours
Kaili Huangping Airport, 60 kilometers, about 1.5 hours
Guiyang Longdongbao Airport
Address: No. 1, Airport Road, Nanming District, Guiyang
Phone number: +86 851 96967
Altitude: 1140 meters
Kali Huangping Airport
Address: Dongpo Village, Huangping County, Kaili City
Phone number: +86 855 393-0888
Altitude: 917 meters
Huaihua Zhijiang Airport
Address: Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County
Phone number: +86 745 683-8088
Altitude: 269 meters
Tongren Fenghuang Airport
Address: Songtao Miao Autonomous County, Tongren City
Phone number: +86 856 593-8080
Altitude: 686 meters