Ganden Monastery was founded in 1409 by Tsongkhapa, it is about 57 km East of Lhasa. The road turn-off is road marker “4591 km”. A small village is at the road junction, where turning right onto the mountain for approximately 15-17 km winding up road, the monastery is near the top of Wangbu Ri on the mountain ridge of Gokpo Ri .
Sera Monastery was founded in 1419, by Jamchen Chojey, who was a disciple of TsongKhapa. It is located at the foot of a mountain about 5 kilometers north of Lhasa. The origin of the name ‘Sera’ derived from the fact that the original site was surrounded by ‘Wild Roses,‘ which in Tibetan language read as “Se” “Ra.”
Drepung Monastery is one of the “great six” Gelukpa monasteries. It is thought to be the largest monastery in Tibetan Plateau and is located on the Gambo Utse mountain, five kilometers fromLhasa. Drepung Monastery was the “Home” monastery of the Dalai Lama. It was found in 1416 by Jamyang Chojey, a direct disciple of Tsongkhapa.
Barkhor street is was about one kilometer long and encircled the entire Jokhang temple, the former seat of the State Oracle in Lhasa called the Muru Nyingba Monastery, and a number of nobles’ houses including Tromzikhang and Jamkhang. It follows the Barkhor pilgrims’ route that encircles the Jokhang temple..
Jokhang Temple is considered the most sacred in Tibet, located at the center of Lhasa neighboring the old districts. It is 1,000 meters east of the Potala Palace. It was built by King Songtsen Gampo in 647 A.D., and was found by Queen Bhrikuti on a site deemed by Queen Wencheng to be the principal Feng-Shui power-place in Tibet.
Potala Palace was built on the top of Mount Potala, and named after Mount Potalaka. The 5th Dalai Lama started its construction in 1645. The site was ideal as a seat of government. It had included the remains of the early built palaces of “White” and “Red” , which were built by 33th Tibet King of Songtsam Gampo in 637.